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Kanikkar
GondIrularKanikkarKorkuMannanMeenaMuthuvanMuthanUlladanUrali

Kanikkaran the Hunters

Black body, circular head, curly hair, broad nose -all these are characteristics of the Kanikkar who form the largest tribe in Kerala and Tamil Nadu. According to the 1981 census there were 14,000 Kanikkars, living in Kerala and Tamil Nadu. They dwell in forests or their neighbourhood in Thiruvananthapuram and Kollam in Kerala, and Tirunelveli in Tamil Nadu.

Although there are some financially well to do people within this group, most of them are poor. Though they cultivate everything and have agriculture as their main profession, they have a special liking for fishing and hunting. Concerning their genealogy and origin they have interesting stories. The Aryans who moved from north to south called them Kanikkar, which literally means landlords, descendants of the Kings, and gave their offerings to King Attingal. Another story is that they derived the name Malayarayan from the Hindu mythological Sage Agasthya.

Till the advent of the 20th century they lived in the interior forests, where the common people have no access. Those who were not accustomed to live anywhere permanently made tree huts of bamboo and lived there.

Read more on Kanikar  
Village administration of each Kani by the Kani Mooppan …
Herbal medicines and magic for healing
Special music to keep away from disease and evil influence..
Distinctive marriage: The interest from the women's side is disregarded. The bridegroom's age is immaterial. Once the betrothal is done beside the jack tree, the girl is blindfolded and brought before the bridegroom. Wedlock made up of a black thread is tied over there....................
Peculiar practice of burying their dead……..…….. ceremonies that last for 21 days.  their hobbies and art forms, dances….
Ornaments, how they use bows, arrows and spears…  

Read the complete story of Kanikkar in A Peep into the Tribalscape
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